Reading the Bible Together – 2 Corinthians

August 2018

– The book we are reading this month is the second letter of Paul to the Corinthians, which is the 8th book of the New Testament.

This will be the 45th book of the Bible we will have read, since commencing this initiative over three years ago in October 2015. (We have actually read Matthew and Joshua twice!) . There are a total of 66 books in the Bible, 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament.

We will review this month’s book, together with July’s book, 1 Corinthians at  our Bible Study and Prayer Meeting on Thursday 6th September 2018.

Introduction to Paul’s Second Letter to the Corinthians

2 Corinthians 3:18 – But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.

2 Corinthians 10:3-5 – For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;

Summary of the book of 2 Corinthians

Titus brought such good news to Paul that he was moved to express to the Corinthians his joy when he heard of their change of heart. Paul also defends his apostleship in this letter, as well as his conduct among the Corinthians, which were both under strong criticism.

Overview

  • Chapters 1 to 2:13 – Paul’s Testimony
  • Chapters 2:14 to 7:16 – Glory of Christian Ministry
  • Chapters 8:1 to 9:15 – Glory of Giving
  • Chapters 10:1 to 13:14 – Defence of the Christian Ministry
Outline of the Book of 2 Corinthians

Background – Around the year 52 AD the apostle Paul was reaching the end of his second missionary journey, and he had just spent about a year and a half in Corinth where he made many disciples (Acts 18:10, 11). Later, on his third missionary journey he spent about three years in Ephesus, from about 54 to 57 AD. During this time Paul wrote his letter to the Corinthians from the city of Ephesus (1 Corinthians 16:8). It was around this time that Paul almost lost his life during a great riot (Acts 19). He left Ephesus and came to Macedonia and he was meeting with many churches, and he was anxiously waiting to hear from Corinth, and finally Titus arrived having just returned from Corinth and gave Paul the good news that his letter was received with joy (II Corinthians 7:6) yet there were some leaders in the Corinthian church who were questioning Paul’s apostolic authority. It was at this time that Paul wrote his second letter to the Corinthian church. He gave it to Titus to hand-deliver (2 Corinthians 8:6, 17), and he would follow soon after.

Purpose – The message of Paul in his second letter to the Corinthians was to defend his authority as an apostle of Jesus Christ, and to remind them that it was he that founded the church in Corinth, and he had every right to instruct them in the ways of the Lord concerning conduct and gathering together as a church of Jesus Christ. When Paul finally arrived in Corinth he spent all winter there (Acts 20:2, 3). While he was in Corinth he wrote his epistle to the church in Rome.

Authorship – Paul the Apostle as in 1 Corinthians.

Date – 2 Corinthians was written soon after 1 Corinthians, possibly even a few months.

Place of Writing – 2 Corinthians was written from some city in Macedonia where Paul had gone to receive Titus’ report concerning the “severe letter” that was written by him.

More information can be found HERE

Short illustrated summary of 2 Corinthians

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